• Środa, 13 Listopad 2019

Types of psychotropic drugs

The term psychotropic drugs is most commonly used in the context of psychologically oriented drugs. They are usually prescribed to patients by psychiatrists. They are a strengthening element of psychotherapy, helping patients to overcome diseases of the nervous system. Unfortunately, a large number of myths are still being created around these types of medicinal products. This is due to a low awareness of this type of substance. What is the general distribution of psychotropic drugs and their mode of action?

Types of psychotropic drugs - antidepressants

Depression drugs or antidepressants are one of the most commonly used psychotropic drugs. This is also related to the scale of the depression. Among this group, the most common are tricyclic drugs, antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors and monoamine oxidase inhibitors. The use of a specific type of antidepressant is primarily related to the type of disorder that may be caused by external factors, such as traumatic events or internal factors related to the brain structure. Regardless of this, the overall effect of these drugs is similar. Their action is focused on the center regulating moods, stress and anxiety mechanism, in order to alleviate symptoms, or their temporary or complete calming.

Anti-anxiety drugs

This type of medicine is also widely used in the psychotherapy process, as anxiety disorders among patients visiting specialist offices are becoming more and more common. It is one of the few types of psychotropic drugs that can lead to addiction. It is caused by the active substance included in the drug - benzodiazepam. In many cases, however, this is a very effective form of therapy, which should be carried out in close consultation with the therapist. In particular, the prescribed dose should be observed.

Drugs used in modern therapy

In addition to the above measures, normotymic drugs are often used in the psychotherapy process. Their main task is to stabilize the mood of the patient. Often used in the treatment of depression. Additionally, carbamazepine and valproate salts belong to the group of antiepileptic drugs. Neuroleptics, on the other hand, are sedatives that are designed for people suffering from various manners and delusions. They inhibit psychophysical stimulation.

Are psychotropic drugs safe?

Psychotropic drugs are developed in such a way that they are safe for human health, both physically and mentally. Importantly, with the exception of anxiety meds, psychotropics are not addictive. It is important that they are an additional element in the fight against the disorder, so they should be taken in conjunction with regular meetings with a psychotherapist or psychiatrist.